Iontophoresis in Dermatology. A Review

J Am Acad Dermatol. 1986 Oct;15(4 Pt 1):671-84. doi: 10.1016/s0190-9622(86)70223-5.


Iontophoresis, the process of increasing the penetration of drugs into surface tissues by the application of an electric current, has been applied to a great many disease conditions over its 200-year history. Although its greatest success has been in the treatment of hyperhidrosis, it is steadily finding new applications. Many aspects of the mechanisms of iontophoresis have yet to be studied before the technic is both fully understood and maximally utilized. In this article we review the literature on iontophoresis as it pertains to dermatology, including the basic principles, engineering aspects.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Topical
  • Anesthetics / administration & dosage
  • Animals
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / administration & dosage
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Humans
  • Hyperhidrosis / therapy
  • Iontophoresis* / history
  • Iontophoresis* / instrumentation
  • Skin Diseases / therapy*
  • Skin Diseases, Infectious / therapy
  • Skin Ulcer / therapy


  • Anesthetics
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Glucocorticoids