Interprofessional simulation-based team-training and self-efficacy in emergency medicine situations

J Interprof Care. 2022 Nov-Dec;36(6):873-881. doi: 10.1080/13561820.2022.2038103. Epub 2022 Mar 27.

Abstract

Teamwork quality has been shown to influence patient safety, and simulation-based team-training (SBTT) is an effective means to increase this quality. However, long-term effects are rarely studied. This study aims to investigate the long-term effects of interprofessional SBTT in emergency medicine in terms of global confidence, self-efficacy in interprofessional communication and in emergency medicine situations. Newly graduated doctors, nurses, auxiliary nurses, and medical and nursing students participated. Four emergency medicine scenarios focused on teamwork according to the A-B-C-D-E-strategy. All participants increased their global confidence from 5.3 (CI 4.9-5.8) before to 6.8 (CI 6.4-7.2; p < .0001) after SBTT. Confidence in interprofessional communication increased from 5.3 (CI 4.9-5.8) to 7.0 (CI 6.6-7.4; p < .0001). Students had the greatest gain. The self-efficacy following the A-B-C-D-E strategy increased from 4.9 (CI 4.4-5.3) to 6.6 (CI 6.2-7.0). Again, students had the steepest increase. Newly graduated doctors achieved a superior increase in global confidence as compared to nurses and auxiliary nurses (p < .0001). Their propensity to recommend SBTT to colleagues was 9.9 (CI 9.8-10.0). The positive effects were sustained over a six-month period, indicating that interprofessional SBTT had a positive impact on competence development, and a potential to contribute to increased team quality in emergency medicine care.

Keywords: Interprofessional communication; emergency medicine management; medical education; simulation-based team-training.

MeSH terms

  • Emergency Medicine* / education
  • Humans
  • Interprofessional Relations
  • Patient Care Team
  • Self Efficacy
  • Simulation Training*
  • Students, Nursing*