Specific overexpression of SIRT1 in mesenchymal stem cells rescues hematopoiesis niche in BMI1 knockout mice through promoting CXCL12 expression

Int J Biol Sci. 2022 Feb 28;18(5):2091-2103. doi: 10.7150/ijbs.63876. eCollection 2022.


Osteoblastic lineage cells (OBCs) are bone-building cells and essential component of hematopoietic niche, but mechanisms whereby bone-building and hematopoiesis-supportive activities of OBCs could be regulated simultaneously remain largely unknown. Here we found that B cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (Bmi1) was involved in such a co-regulatory mechanism. In this study, we first found that, accompanied with marked decline of osteogenic activity, the hematopoietic niche in Bmi1 knockout (KO) mice was severely impaired and manifested as CXCL12 expression falls and LSK homing failure; however, intratibial injection with CXCL12 effectively facilitated LSK accumulation in bone marrow of Bmi1 KO mice. To try to rescue these defects in Bmi1 KO mice, we generated Bmi1KO/Sirt1Tg (KO-TG) double mutant mice with Sirt1 specific overexpression in mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) in Bmi1 KO mice, and our data showed that KO-TG mice had significantly increased bone-building activity, elevated Cxcl12 expression by MPCs, increased LSK homing and expanded LSK pool in bone marrow compared to Bmi1 KO mice. Of note, similar improvements in KO-TG mice were observed in Bmi1 KO mice fed with dietary resveratrol, an established Sirt1 activator, comparing with KO control mice. Therefore, pharmacologic activation of Bmi1/Sirt1 signaling pathway could simultaneously promote bone-building and hematopoiesis-supportive activities of OBCs.

Keywords: Bmi1; CXCL12.; Sirt1; hematopoietic stem cell niche; mesenchymal progenitor cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chemokine CXCL12
  • Hematopoiesis / genetics
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells* / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 / genetics
  • Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • Sirtuin 1* / genetics
  • Sirtuin 1* / metabolism


  • Bmi1 protein, mouse
  • Chemokine CXCL12
  • Cxcl12 protein, mouse
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Polycomb Repressive Complex 1
  • Sirt1 protein, mouse
  • Sirtuin 1