The classification, pathology, and management of acute soft tissue injuries are reviewed. Classifications based on etiology and severity are outlined. The pathological processes at a cellular level are described in three phases: acute inflammatory, repair, and remodelling. the management of acute soft tissue trauma is embodied in the acronym RICE for rest, ice, compression, and elevation during the first 48 to 72 h. Additional benefit from anti-prostaglandin medications has not been clearly demonstrated in clinical trials, and if used, these medications should be restricted to the first 3 days. Cryotherapy (crushed ice) for 10 to 20 min, 2 to 4 times/day for the first 2 to 3 days is helpful in promoting early return to full activity. Early mobilization, guided by the pain response, promotes a more rapid return to full activity. Early mobilization, guided by the pain response, promotes a more rapid return to full functional recovery. Progressive resistance exercises (isotonic, isokinetic, and isometric) are essential to restore full muscle and joint function. Rehabilitation is complete when the injured and adjacent tissues are restored to full pain-free functional capacity under competitive conditions in association with the necessary level of cardiovascular respiratory fitness.