The value of dynamic ultrasound scanning in Crohn's disease

Scand J Gastroenterol. 1986 Oct;21(8):969-72. doi: 10.3109/00365528608996406.

Abstract

In a prospective, blinded study we investigated 30 patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and 27 normal controls by means of dynamic grey-scale ultrasound scan. Within a few weeks the patients were also examined by radiography of the small bowel. Of the 30 patients, 21 had CD lesion of the small bowel as judged by radiography. A target lesion at the ultrasound scan indicating thickened bowel wall was seen in 15 CD patients, of which 14 showed radiographic signs of CD in the ileum and/or right side of the large bowel, whereas one had normal radiographic findings. Seven patients out of 15 without sonographic changes had radiographic signs of CD. The patients with discrepancy between the two examinations could not be clinically characterized as an entity. None of the 27 normal controls showed signs of intestinal disease at the ultrasound examination. We conclude that dynamic grey-scale ultrasound examination is a new tool in depicting the CD lesion, but it does not seem to be able to replace the radiographic examination. However, it may find a place in the follow-up study of patients with known CD, thereby avoiding repeated radiographic examinations. Furthermore, the possibility of diagnosing abscesses and fistulae by sonography is well known and has relevance in CD.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Crohn Disease / diagnosis*
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Ultrasonography*