Usefulness of Optimization of Interventricular Delay Using an Electrical Cardiometry Method in Patients with Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Implantation

Int Heart J. 2022;63(2):241-246. doi: 10.1536/ihj.21-711.


There are no studies examining interventricular (VV) delay optimization by an electrical cardiometry method in relation to subsequent cardiac function in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) -implanted patients. This study aimed to compare the VV delay in CRT-implanted patients by the dp/dt and electrical cardiometry and to examine the optimization of VV delay and improvement of cardiac function. We examined 19 consecutive CRT-implanted patients. The protocol included biventricular stimulation with either simultaneous or sequential pacing, and we evaluated systolic volume (SV) using an electrical cardiometry and the dp/dt of the left ventricle. The optimal VV delay was determined by the maximum SV using the electrical cardiometry. Two groups were defined, those whose increase in SV was at or above the median and those whose SV increase was below the median; changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). The correlation between the VV delay optimized by the electrical cardiometry and dp/dt methods was high (R = 0.61, P = 0.006). Compared to the baseline SV (43.4 mL), the SV increased to 47.8 mL with simultaneous biventricular pacing (versus baseline P = 0.008) and further increased to 49.8 mL with optimized VV delay (versus simultaneous biventricular pacing P = 0.020). LVEF after 6 months significantly improved in the above-median SV increase group (37.6 versus 28.2%, P = 0.041), but not in the below-median SV increase group (26.5 versus 26.5%, P = 0.985). In conclusion, the optimal VV delay by electrical cardiometry method was almost concordant with that by the dp/dt method. Cardiac function significantly improved in the group with the above-median SV increase.

Keywords: Cardiac output; Electrical velocimetry; Heart failure; Noninvasive; Systolic volume.

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy* / methods
  • Heart Failure* / diagnosis
  • Heart Failure* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Stroke Volume / physiology
  • Systole
  • Ventricular Function, Left