Wearable Photoplethysmography for Cardiovascular Monitoring

Proc IEEE Inst Electr Electron Eng. 2022 Mar 11;110(3):355-381. doi: 10.1109/JPROC.2022.3149785.


Smart wearables provide an opportunity to monitor health in daily life and are emerging as potential tools for detecting cardiovascular disease (CVD). Wearables such as fitness bands and smartwatches routinely monitor the photoplethysmogram signal, an optical measure of the arterial pulse wave that is strongly influenced by the heart and blood vessels. In this survey, we summarize the fundamentals of wearable photoplethysmography and its analysis, identify its potential clinical applications, and outline pressing directions for future research in order to realize its full potential for tackling CVD.

Keywords: Cardiovascular (CV); photoplethysmogram (PPG); pulse wave; sensor; signal processing; smartwatch.