Cell-Matrix Interactions Contribute to Barrier Function in Human Colon Organoids

Front Med (Lausanne). 2022 Mar 10;9:838975. doi: 10.3389/fmed.2022.838975. eCollection 2022.

Abstract

The importance of cell-matrix adhesion to barrier control in the colon is unclear. The goals of the present study were to: (i) determine if disruption of colon epithelial cell interactions with the extracellular matrix alters permeability control measurement and (ii) determine if increasing the elaboration of protein components of cell-matrix adhesion complexes can mitigate the effects of cell-matrix disruption. Human colon organoids were interrogated for transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) under control conditions and in the presence of Aquamin®, a multi-mineral product. A function-blocking antibody directed at the C-terminal region of the laminin α chain was used in parallel. The effects of Aquamin® on cell-matrix adhesion protein expression were determined in a proteomic screen and by Western blotting. Aquamin® increased the expression of multiple basement membrane, hemidesmosomal and focal adhesion proteins as well as keratin 8 and 18. TEER values were higher in the presence of Aquamin® than they were under control conditions. The blocking antibody reduced TEER values under both conditions but was most effective in the absence of Aquamin®, where expression of cell-matrix adhesion proteins was lower to begin with. These findings provide evidence that cell-matrix interactions contribute to barrier control in the colon.

Keywords: Aquamin®; basement membrane; cell-cell junction; cell-matrix adhesion; colonoid; gut barrier; laminin; proteomics.