Total gastrectomy due to emphysematous and necrotizing gastritis associated with Sarcina ventriculi in an 18-year-old patient

Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2023 Mar;115(3):133-135. doi: 10.17235/reed.2022.8767/2022.


An 18-year-old woman with no pathological history, admitted to Emergency Department with abdominal pain and vomiting after consuming alcohol and cannabis in the last 36 hours. On physical examination, she presented with abdominal distention, signs of peritoneal irritation and sepsis. Abdominal computed tomography showed gastric, esophageal and duodenal distension, gastric and portal pneumatosis and the presence of free intra-abdominal fluid. An exploratory laparotomy was performed revealing extensive gastric necrosis. Then, total gastrectomy with stapled Roux-en-Y anastomosis was required. Histopathology of the gastric tissue confirmed extensive images of transmural emphysematous and necrotizing gastritis, and allowed to identify established Sarcina ventriculi infection.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Female
  • Gastrectomy / adverse effects
  • Gastrectomy / methods
  • Gastritis* / diagnostic imaging
  • Gastritis* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Sarcina*

Supplementary concepts

  • Clostridium ventriculi