Critical Comparison of Documents From Scientific Societies on Cardiac Amyloidosis: JACC State-of-the-Art Review

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2022 Apr 5;79(13):1288-1303. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2022.01.036.


Over the last year, 5 national or international scientific societies have issued documents regarding cardiac amyloidosis (CA) to highlight the emerging clinical science, raise awareness, and facilitate diagnosis and management of CA. These documents provide useful guidance for clinicians managing patients with CA, and all include: 1) an algorithm to establish a diagnosis; 2) an emphasis on noninvasive diagnosis with the combined use of bone scintigraphy and the exclusion of a monoclonal protein; and 3) indications for novel disease-modifying therapies for symptomatic CA, either with or without peripheral neuropathy. Nonetheless, the documents diverge on specific details of diagnosis, risk stratification, and treatment. Highlighting the similarities and differences of the documents by the 5 scientific societies with respect to diagnosis, risk stratification, and treatment offers useful insight into the knowledge gaps and unmet needs in the management of CA. An analysis of these documents, therefore, highlights "gray zones" requiring further investigation.

Keywords: cardiac amyloidosis; diagnosis; guidelines; management; scientific societies.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Amyloidosis* / diagnosis
  • Amyloidosis* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Societies, Scientific*