The genotype analysis and prenatal genetic diagnosis among 244 pedigrees with methylmalonic aciduria in China

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2022 Mar;61(2):290-298. doi: 10.1016/j.tjog.2022.02.017.


Objectives: To investigate the phenotypes, biochemical features and genotypes for 244 pedigrees with methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) in China, and to perform the prenatal genetic diagnosis by chorionic villus for these pedigrees.

Materials and methods: Gene analyses were performed for 244 pedigrees. There are 130 pedigrees, chorionic villus sampling was performed on the pregnant women to conduct the prenatal diagnosis.

Results: Among 244 patients, 168 (68.9%) cases were combined methylmalonic aciduria and homocystinuria, 76 (31.1%) cases were isolated methylmalonic aciduria. All the patients were diagnosed with MMA by their clinical manifestation, elevated blood propionylcarnitine, propionylcarnitine to acetylcarnitine ratio, and/or urine/blood methylmalonic acid with or without homocysteine. MMACHC, MMUT, SUCLG1 and LMBRD1 gene variants were found in 236 (96.7%) pedigrees included 6 probands with only one heterozygous variant out of 244 cases. For the 130 pedigrees who received a prenatal diagnosis, 22 fetuses were normal, 69 foetuses were carriers of heterozygous variants, and the remaining 39 foetuses harboured compound heterozygous variants or homozygous variants. The follow-up results were consistent with the prenatal diagnosis.

Conclusion: The present study indicates genetic heterogeneity in MMA patients. Genetic analysis is a convenient method for prenatal diagnosis that will aid in avoiding the delivery of MMA patients.

Keywords: MMACHC; Methylmalonic aciduria; NGS; Prenatal genetic diagnosis; Variant.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors
  • China
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Nucleocytoplasmic Transport Proteins* / genetics
  • Oxidoreductases / genetics
  • Pedigree
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Diagnosis* / methods


  • LMBRD1 protein, human
  • Nucleocytoplasmic Transport Proteins
  • MMACHC protein, human
  • Oxidoreductases

Supplementary concepts

  • Methylmalonic acidemia