A review of alprazolam withdrawal

Drug Intell Clin Pharm. 1986 Nov;20(11):837-41. doi: 10.1177/106002808602001102.


A cumulative review of case reports in the literature describing withdrawal reactions secondary to alprazolam is presented. In four of eight reports, the primary withdrawal manifestations were grand mal seizures. One case was characterized by painful myoclonus. In the remaining three cases, the major complications consisted of rebound anxiety with psychotic features. Despite tapering of the daily dosage according to manufacturer guidelines, a withdrawal syndrome was precipitated in three of the cases. As a result of alprazolam's atypical pharmacodynamic profile, the issue is raised as to whether alprazolam is pharmacologically cross-tolerant with other benzodiazepines.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alprazolam / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / etiology*


  • Alprazolam