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Review
, 18 (10), 1003-13

Magnesium in Cardiac Energy Metabolism

Review

Magnesium in Cardiac Energy Metabolism

L Garfinkel et al. J Mol Cell Cardiol.

Abstract

Free intracellular magnesium ion, which influences many metabolic processes, is the subject of ongoing research. Its concentration has been difficult to measure because the available methods, including dye injection, microelectrodes, and nuclear magnetic resonance measurements, are invasive or indirect. Concentrations ranging from 0.1 mM in frog muscle to 6 mM in barnacle muscle have been reported. We describe recent experimental evidence regarding the concentration of free intracellular magnesium and consider the limitations of these methods. A substantial body of evidence, including our models of cardiac energy metabolism and its magnesium-related processes, indicates that intracellular concentrations of free magnesium are low (ca. 0.4 mM) and vary with time and conditions.

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