Objectives: To report a case of a morbidly obese 17-year-old boy who presented 4 days post-tonsillectomy with acute deep venous thromboses and a massive pulmonary embolism. To describe a protocol and decision-making tree for providing anticoagulation in the immediate post-tonsillectomy period.
Methods: A chart review and review of the literature.
Results: The patient ultimately did well and had no bleeding from the tonsil beds or further thromboembolic complications. A review of the literature revealed no available data regarding the safety of anticoagulation in the immediate post-tonsillectomy period.
Conclusions: We propose that if anticoagulation is needed within 14 days of tonsillectomy, submaximal anticoagulation with a reversible and titratable anticoagulant may be optimal. A multidisciplinary team approach is needed for these complex cases. Future reporting and investigation of anticoagulation post-tonsillectomy is needed.
Keywords: miscellaneous; obstructive sleep apnea; pediatric OSA surgical treatment; pediatric obstructive sleep apnea; pediatric otolaryngology; pediatric tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy; post operative complications; tonsillectomy.