Impacts of sun protection and skin care habits in the biophysical and morphological properties of young men skin

J Cosmet Dermatol. 2022 Oct;21(10):5073-5080. doi: 10.1111/jocd.14965. Epub 2022 Apr 25.


Background: Previous studies have demonstrated that UVB radiation may cause changes in the epidermal permeability barrier and in the stratum corneum hydration. It is also well known that sun exposure causes erythema, skin cancer, and other physiologic alterations. Furthermore, because of the cultural barrier, men usually apply less sunscreen.

Aims: The objective of this study was to evaluate the cosmetic use and sun protection habits of young men, correlating their lifestyle with the biophysical and morphological skin characteristics, as well as to study how skin unprotected sun exposure can affect these features even in young people.

Patients/methods: 60 participants between 18 and 28 years old were divided into two groups: with photoprotection habits (PP habits) and without photoprotection habits (No PP habits). They were questioned about their sunscreen and cosmetic products use. The skin parameters were evaluated using biophysical and skin imaging techniques.

Results and conclusion: 60% of the participants did not apply sunscreen often, and 80% did not consume other skin care products. No PP habits group presented an increase in the transepidermal water loss-TEWL and sebum level, as well as a reduction in the stratum corneum water content and dermis echogenicity. The skin characteristics evaluated in this study were correlated with the sun protection habits and skin care behavior showing that men face some sociocultural barrier to start the use of cosmetic products. Thus, it is important to consider this information for the dermatological clinical and development of cosmetic products for men's skin.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Habits
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Skin Care
  • Skin* / diagnostic imaging
  • Sunscreening Agents*
  • Water
  • Young Adult


  • Sunscreening Agents
  • Water