Selinexor plus low-dose dexamethasone in Chinese patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma previously treated with an immunomodulatory agent and a proteasome inhibitor (MARCH): a phase II, single-arm study

BMC Med. 2022 Apr 5;20(1):108. doi: 10.1186/s12916-022-02305-4.


Background: Selinexor 80 mg combined with low-dose dexamethasone (Sd) demonstrated significant clinical benefit in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) who had disease refractory to a proteasome inhibitor (PI), an immunomodulator (IMiD), and an anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody based on a global phase II STORM study. The present study, MARCH, addresses China regulatory needs to further validate the data from STORM in Chinese patients with RRMM.

Methods: The MARCH study was conducted at 17 sites in China, where eligible Chinese RRMM patients who had disease refractory to PI and IMiD were enrolled. Selinexor 80 mg combined with dexamethasone 20 mg was administered orally on day 1 and day 3 of each week in 4-week cycles. The primary endpoint was the overall response rate (ORR) per an independent review committee, with the null hypothesis of ≤15%. Patients who received at least 1 dose of study treatment were included in the safety population. The pharmacokinetic (PK) profile was characterized by parameter and ethnicity sensitivity analyses.

Results: A total of 82 patients with RRMM were enrolled in the study, with a median age of 60 years. Of the 82 patients, 55 patients (67.1%) had high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities, defined as one or more of del 17p13, t(4;14), t(14;16), or 1q amplification identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH); 18 patients (22.0%) had abnormal renal function. Enrolled patients were heavily pre-treated with a median prior regimen number of 5. All 82 patients (100%) were refractory to both PI and IMiD, including 20 patients (24.4%) categorized as triple-class refractory population (refractory to PI, IMiD, and daratumumab). Ten patients (12.2%) had undergone CAR-T therapy. ORR was 29.3% (95% CI 19.7, 40.4) with a median DOR of 4.7 months. The median PFS and OS were 3.7 and 13.2 months, respectively. ORR was 25.0% (95% CI 8.7, 49.1) in the triple-class refractory population. Efficacy was consistent across various subgroups. The most frequent grade 3/4 adverse events (AEs) included anemia (57.3%), thrombocytopenia (51.2%), lymphopenia (42.7%), neutropenia (40.2%), hyponatremia (29.3%), and lung infection (26.8%). Serious AEs were reported in 54.9% of patients. No significant drug accumulation was shown following multiple administrations. No human PK ethnicity difference was identified between Chinese and western patients.

Conclusions: With an encouraging ORR, the MARCH study has demonstrated that selinexor combined with low-dose dexamethasone (Sd) delivers meaningful clinical benefit to Chinese patients with RRMM, including triple-class refractory patients. AEs were expected and manageable with supportive care and dose modification.

Trial registration:, NCT03944057 (May 09, 2019); , CTR20190858 (June 05, 2019).

Keywords: Chinese patients; Multiple myeloma; Relapsed and refractory; Selinexor.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects
  • Dexamethasone / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Hydrazines
  • Immunologic Factors / therapeutic use
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Multiple Myeloma* / chemically induced
  • Multiple Myeloma* / drug therapy
  • Proteasome Inhibitors* / therapeutic use
  • Triazoles


  • Hydrazines
  • Immunologic Factors
  • Proteasome Inhibitors
  • Triazoles
  • selinexor
  • Dexamethasone

Associated data