Quality of life after surgical clipping of ruptured aneurysms from a developing country: differential independent impact of grading scales & baseline factors

J Neurosurg Sci. 2022 Apr 5. doi: 10.23736/S0390-5616.22.05499-6. Online ahead of print.


Background: Detailed Quality of Life(QOL) burden among patients with ruptured aneurysms has not been thoroughly studied, especially from developing countries. This is to evaluate the independent impact of factors influencing QOL following clipping.

Methods: Patients who underwent clipping for ruptured anterior circulation aneurysms were prospectively studied for demography, site of aneurysm, H&H, WFNS, and Fisher grades, with QOL, assessed as per WHOQOL-BREF(range 4-20 in 4 domains), and analyzed.

Results: A total of 275 patients underwent prospective assessment of WHOQOL-BREF at 3 months after surgery, with a median age of 48. The sites of ruptured aneurysms were anterior cerebral(139), followed by middle cerebral(MCA)(82) and internal carotid(54) arteries. In univariate analyses, H&H grade had a significant rank order correlation with physical and psychological QOL domains, while WFNS grade had no significant correlation with QOL domains. Age showed a significant correlation with the social domain. The location of the ruptured aneurysm had a significant association as well, with MCA aneurysms having better scores in the environmental domain of QOL. Multivariate analysis using the generalized linear model confirmed the independent impact of these factors on QOL. Amongst all the factors studied, the age had the strongest independent impact, followed by H&H grade, location, and Fisher grade in the order of magnitude ofWald χ2.

Conclusions: Following surgical clipping of ruptured aneurysms, age has the most substantial independent impact on QOL, followed by H&H grade, while WFNS grade shows no significant correlation. MCA aneurysms have better QOL scores than the rest.