Immunocytochemical localization of cytochrome P-450 in hepatic and extra-hepatic tissues of the rat with a monoclonal antibody against cytochrome P-450 c

Biochem Pharmacol. 1986 Dec 15;35(24):4543-54. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(86)90777-x.


The cellular distribution of cytochrome P-450 has been studied in the liver and a number of extrahepatic tissues in the rat by immunocytochemistry, using an antibody raised against cytochrome P-450 form c. Immunoreactive cytochrome P-450, most probably form c, was found in the proximal tubules of the kidney, in the Clara cells of the lung, and in the olfactory epithelium and Bowman's glands of the olfactory tissue, in addition to its location in the liver. Immunoreactive cytochrome P-450 was not found in the small intestine, the testes or the adrenal gland, although these organs are known to contain isoenzymes of cytochrome P-450. The use of antibody titration enabled the effects of phenobarbitone, beta-naphthoflavone and clofibrate on the content and distribution of immunoreactive cytochrome P-450 to be studied in both the liver and in the other organs discussed. Phenobarbitone induces epitope-specific cytochrome P-450 in the centrilobular cells of the liver but has no effect in any of the other tissues studied. Clofibrate is without effect on the levels of immunoreactive cytochrome P-450 in any of the tissues studied. In contrast, beta-naphthoflavone induces immunoreactive cytochrome P-450 in the periportal region of the liver, and also in the Clara cells of the lung, in the enterocytes of the small intestine and in the proximal tubules of the kidney. Of all of the tissues studied, in which immunoreactive cytochrome P-450 could be detected, only the olfactory epithelium failed to undergo enzyme induction following treatment with beta-naphthoflavone.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Glands / enzymology
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Benzoflavones / pharmacology
  • Clofibrate / pharmacology
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / analysis*
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / immunology
  • Enzyme Induction / drug effects
  • Histocytochemistry
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Intestine, Small / enzymology
  • Isoenzymes / immunology
  • Kidney / enzymology
  • Liver / enzymology*
  • Lung / enzymology
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Olfactory Mucosa / enzymology
  • Phenobarbital / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Testis / enzymology
  • beta-Naphthoflavone


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Benzoflavones
  • Isoenzymes
  • beta-Naphthoflavone
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Clofibrate
  • Phenobarbital