Patient outcomes after treatment of brain aneurysm in small diameter vessels with the silk vista baby flow diverter: A systematic review

Interv Neuroradiol. 2024 Feb;30(1):5-13. doi: 10.1177/15910199221091645. Epub 2022 Apr 7.


Background: The Silk Vista Baby (SVB, BALT) is a first-in-class flow-diverter device delivered using a 0.017" microcatheter, designed for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms, including those in small diameter vessels. This study reports a systematic literature review (SLR) to evaluate the safety and efficacy of using SVB to treat intracranial aneurysms in vessels less than 3.5 mm in diameter.

Methods: We performed a PRISMA-compliant SLR to evaluate the outcomes of SVB in the treatment of aneurysms in small intracranial vessels. Primary outcomes were occlusion status and major stroke, and secondary outcomes included all-cause mortality, procedure-related neurologic death, and post-operative aneurysm rupture. Data were expressed as descriptive statistics only.

Results: A total of four studies, including 163 patients with 173 intracranial aneurysms, were included. The most common aneurysm locations were the anterior cerebral artery (24.9% [43/173]), the middle cerebral artery (24.3% [42/173]), and the anterior communicating artery (23.1% [40/173]). Parent artery diameter ranged from 0.9 mm to 3.6 mm, and 29% were acutely or previously ruptured aneurysms. Overall, complete or near-complete occlusion was 72.1% on early-term follow-up. Mortality rate among the studies was 2.5%, with 3 instances adjudicated as neurologic deaths (1.8%). Major stroke was noted in 1.2% of cases, and branch occlusion or stent thrombus formation in 5.5%.

Conclusion: Our review suggests that SVB is a safe and effective treatment for intracranial aneurysms in small vessels. Further prospective and comparative studies with patient outcome data specific to aneurysm location are needed to confirm the safety and efficacy of SVB.

Keywords: aneurysm; endovascular; flow-diverter; silk vista baby; small vessels.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aneurysm, Ruptured* / therapy
  • Embolization, Therapeutic* / methods
  • Endovascular Procedures* / methods
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm* / surgery
  • Intracranial Aneurysm* / therapy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stents
  • Stroke* / therapy
  • Treatment Outcome