The potential application of vegetable oils in the D-xylose and L-cysteine Maillard reaction system for meaty aroma production

Food Res Int. 2022 May;155:111081. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2022.111081. Epub 2022 Mar 2.


Vegetable oils with different unsaturated degrees (corn > peanut > olive > palm > coconut) and corresponding enzymatic hydrolysis-thermal oxidation (ENTH) oils were added into D-xylose and L-cysteine Maillard reaction (MR) system, respectively, for potential meaty aroma production. Results indicated that coconut oil and palm oil had lower peroxide, p-anisidine, total antioxidant values, and malondialdehyde content after ENTH and MR. Corn, peanut, and olive oils after ENTH could significantly promote MR because they caused the lower pH, higher reactants depletion, and higher browning degree in the water phase separated from the oil-Maillard reaction system. Additionally, the volatiles were mainly formed from oil phase. Corn, peanut, and olive oils were beneficial to volatiles formation in the oil-MR system due to fatty acid oxidation, especially oleic acid and linoleic acid. Meanwhile, compared to raw oils, adding ENTH oils to the MR system could reduce the content of oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur-containing heterocycles.

Keywords: Enzymatic hydrolysis-thermal oxidation; Fatty acids; Maillard reaction; Unsaturated degree; Vegetable oils; Volatile compounds.

MeSH terms

  • Cysteine
  • Maillard Reaction*
  • Odorants
  • Olive Oil / chemistry
  • Plant Oils* / chemistry
  • Xylose


  • Olive Oil
  • Plant Oils
  • Xylose
  • Cysteine