Presacral ganglioneuroma in an 8-year-old child: case report, and literature review

Radiol Case Rep. 2022 Apr 4;17(6):1866-1869. doi: 10.1016/j.radcr.2022.02.060. eCollection 2022 Jun.

Abstract

Ganglioneuromas are benign tumors of the sympathetic nervous system, rarely found in the presacral region. In this study, we report the case of presacral ganglioneuroma in an 8-year-old girl, who complained of abdominal pain with diarrhea and abdominal distension. Ultrasound showed a large hypoechoic pelvic mass complicated by right ureter hydronephrosis. the CT and MRI confirm the presence of a presacral tissue mass with heterogeneous enhancement after contrast injection. The child underwent a complete surgical resection, and the anatomopathological study returned in favor of a ganglioneuroma. The presacral ganglioneuroma is an extremely rare tumor in that only twenty cases have been reported in the literature. 3 of which were less than 8-years-old. Through our case, we will review the epidemiological, clinical, radiological and therapeutic characteristics of this type of tumor.

Keywords: Child; Ganglioneuroma; Presacral.

Publication types

  • Case Reports