Objective: Population genetic analysis based on genetic markers harbors valuable forensic applications. In this regard, it is informative and imperative to explore Han groups as they are the largest population of China. In particular, there is a largely underrepresented amount of information from recent decades regarding the southeast costal Han Chinese. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the available genetic characteristics of the Han population living in the Jinjiang, Fujian Province, Southeastern China.
Methods: We sampled 858 saliva samples and used the commercially available Microreader™ Y Prime Plus ID System to identify population data of Y-short tandem repeat (STR) loci of this region.
Results: A total of 822 different haplotypes were observed. The overall haplotype diversity, discriminatory power and haplotype match probability were 0.9999, 0.9999 and 0.0012, respectively.
Conclusion: Our results showed that the Jinjiang Han population was closely genetically related to Han groups of China. Overall, we identified a set of 37 Y-STRs that are highly polymorphic, and that can provide meaningful information in forensic practice and human genetic research.
Keywords: Jinjiang Han; Microreader™ Y Prime Plus ID System; Y-short tandem repeat; forensic genetics; haplotype diversity.
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