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, 84 (2), 551-5

Human Anti-Endoplasmic Reticulum Autoantibodies Appearing in a Drug-Induced Hepatitis Are Directed Against a Human Liver Cytochrome P-450 That Hydroxylates the Drug

Human Anti-Endoplasmic Reticulum Autoantibodies Appearing in a Drug-Induced Hepatitis Are Directed Against a Human Liver Cytochrome P-450 That Hydroxylates the Drug

P Beaune et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.

Abstract

"Anti-liver/kidney microsome" (anti-LKM) autoantibodies have been found in the serum of patients with cryptogenic chronic hepatitis and with immunoallergic drug-induced hepatitis, such as those induced by halothane or by tienilic acid (called anti-LKM2 in this case). So far the nature of the human microsomal macromolecules recognized by these antibodies has not been determined. Here we show, by using immunoblot techniques, that among the macromolecules present in human adult liver microsomes, one protein called cytochrome P-450-8 is specifically recognized by most sera of patients containing anti-LKM2 antibodies but not by control serum. Human fetal liver microsomes that do not contain cytochrome P-450-8 are not recognized by the anti-LKM2 antibodies. It is also shown that anti-cytochrome P-450-8 antibodies as well as human serum containing anti-LKM2 antibodies specifically inhibit the hydroxylation of tienilic acid by human liver microsomes. These results indicate that anti-LKM2 antibodies appearing in patients with hepatitis and concomitant administration of tienilic acid are directed against a cytochrome P-450 isoenzyme that catalyzes the metabolic oxidation of this drug. This suggests a possible mechanism for the appearance of anti-organelle antibodies in a drug-induced hepatitis.

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