Soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitors: an overview and patent review from the last decade

Expert Opin Ther Pat. 2022 Jun;32(6):629-647. doi: 10.1080/13543776.2022.2054329. Epub 2022 Apr 12.


Introduction: Biological effects mediated by the CYP450 arm of arachidonate cascade implicate the enzyme-soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) in hydrolyzing anti-inflammatory epoxy fatty acids to pro-inflammatory diols. Hence, inhibiting the sEH offers a therapeutic approach to treating inflammatory diseases. Over three decades of work has shown the role of sEH inhibitors (sEHis) in treating various disorders in rodents and larger veterinary subjects. Novel chemical strategies to enhance the efficacy of sEHi have now appeared.

Areas covered: A comprehensive review of patent literature related to soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitors in the last decade (2010-2021) is provided.

Expert opinion: Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is an important enzyme that metabolizes the bioactive epoxy fatty acids (EFAs) in the arachidonic acid signaling pathway and converts them to vicinal diols, which appear to be pro-inflammatory. Inhibition of sEH hence offers a mechanism to increase in vivo epoxyeicosanoid levels and resolve pro-inflammatory pathways in disease states. Significant efforts in the field have led to potent single target as well as multi-target inhibitors with promising in vitro and widely encompassing in vivo activities. Successful clinical translation of compounds targeting sEH inhibition will further validate the promised therapeutic potential of this pathway in treating human diseases.

Keywords: EETs; enzymatic activity; hypertension; inflammatory diseases; sEH inhibitor; sEH-P; soluble epoxide hydrolase.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Epoxide Hydrolases*
  • Fatty Acids
  • Humans
  • Patents as Topic*


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Fatty Acids
  • Epoxide Hydrolases