Actinic keratoses are common cutaneous lesions with a potential to progress to invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, treatment is crucial. The Tixel® is a noninvasive thermomechanical device designed to transfer heat to the upper dermis in a controlled manner according to a predetermined setting. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a thermomechanical fractional skin resurfacing technology for the treatment of facial and scalp actinic keratoses. A prospective, open-label, before-after study was conducted in a tertiary medical centre from May 2020 to April 2021. Patients presenting with facial/scalp actinic keratoses of mild-to-moderate thickness underwent 2 or 3 Tixel treatments (depending on clinical improvement), 3-4 weeks apart. The reduction in lesion count and overall improvement in appearance were assessed by clinical examination and digital photography. Findings were compared between baseline and follow-up at 3 months after the last treatment session. Patient satisfaction was evaluated by questionnaire, and adverse effects were documented. A total of 20 patients participated in the study. All completed 2-3 treatments and follow-up visits. Assessment of digital photographs was performed by 2 assessors blinded to the timepoint at which each photo was taken (before or after treatment). The average number of lesions at baseline was 9.8 (± 4.8) and the mean reduction in lesion count was 7.9 (± 4.4) (80.6%). Complete clearance was observed in 31.6% of patients. No adverse effects were noted during treatment and follow-up. Most patients reported being "very satisfied" or "satisfied" with the treatment results (85%) and experience (95%). Treating facial and scalp actinic keratoses with the Tixel device was found to be effective and safe.
Keywords: Actinic keratosis; Solar keratosis; Tixel.
© 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature.