[The role of thrombin in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and its complications]

Kardiologiia. 2022 Mar 31;62(3):73-81. doi: 10.18087/cardio.2022.3.n1968.
[Article in Russian]


Thrombin is a key regulator of the homeostasis system. Also, it actively participates in progression of various systemic diseases, including atherosclerosis. There is a large amount of experimental and clinical data on the involvement of thrombin in the pathogenesis of ischemic heart disease (IHD). Thus, studying thrombin activity regulation is promising. Also, the question whether it is possible to use biomarkers of thrombin activity as predictors of cardiovascular complications in IHD patients is relevant. The present review focuses on major mechanisms of thrombin functioning, its role in development and progression of atherosclerosis, and available tests for evaluation of thrombin functional activity. Major clinical studies are discussed that evaluated the efficacy of thrombin inhibitors and protease-activated receptor antagonists.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anticoagulants
  • Atherosclerosis*
  • Humans
  • Thrombin* / physiology


  • Anticoagulants
  • Thrombin