Background and aims: People who use drugs (PWUDs) are the main group at risk for hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission and a key population for hepatitis C elimination. Multidisciplinary team (MDT) meetings were set up in France in December 2014 within regional reference centers to supervise the prescriptions and delivery of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) to optimize the management of HCV infection. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the changes in the profile and therapeutic care of PWUDs with HCV mono-infection according to the evolution of MDT meetings in a regional tertiary reference center.
Methods: Between 2015 and 2019, overall 1912 HCV-infected patients presented at the MDT meetings, 547 were PWUDs with HCV mono-infection treated with DAAs. Five periods were defined according to the evolution of MDT meetings. The profile and management of PWUDs were compared among these five periods.
Results: Over time, the frequency of advanced stage of fibrosis decreased from 90.8 to 36.3% (P < 0.001), whereas the therapeutic care of the patients in primary addictology centers and networks of general practitioners increased from 17.4 to 55% (P < 0.001). The frequency of excessive alcohol consumption varied between 9.1 and 30% (P = 0.003) and that of opioid substitution therapy between 42.5 and 70% (P < 0.001). The Sustained virologic response assessed 12 weeks after the end of treatment rate was above 95% for the five periods.
Conclusion: Between 2015 and 2019, the changes in the profile and management of PWUDs have followed the evolution of MDT meetings concerning patients with less advanced fibrosis and more therapeutic hepatitis C care made by the primary care centers.
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