Cardiopulmonary resuscitation training: A narrative review comparing traditional educational programs with alternative, reduced-resource methods of CPR instruction for lay providers

Am J Emerg Med. 2022 Jun:56:196-204. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2022.03.053. Epub 2022 Apr 7.


This narrative review explores current literature base detailing the effectiveness of alternative CPR instruction as compared to traditional CPR courses in the lay population. Assessment of alternative instructional methods found that video self-instruction and simplified CPR formats resulted in equivalent performance of CPR metrics and practical scenario assessment performance, as compared to traditional CPR instruction courses. While additional research is needed to further substantiate the value of self-directed learning, interactive digital, and abbreviated formats, these studies also suggested equivalence in CPR performance compared to traditional courses. In view of the importance of bystander CPR in OHCA outcomes, and the barriers presented by traditional CPR education courses, we recommend that public safety leaders and CPR educators strongly consider the introduction of these programs within their communities and classrooms.

Keywords: CPR; Education; Instruction; Lay provider.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation* / methods
  • Humans
  • Learning
  • Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest*