Interspecies Comparisons of the Effects of Potential Antiviral 3-Amidinophenylalanine Derivatives on Cytochrome P450 1A2 Isoenzyme

Vet Sci. 2022 Mar 23;9(4):156. doi: 10.3390/vetsci9040156.


In vitro models of animals vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2 infection can support the characterization of effective antiviral drugs, such as synthetic inhibitors of the transmembrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2). Changes in cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2 activities in the presence of the potential TMPRSS2/matriptase inhibitors (MI) were measured using fluorometric and luminescent assays. Furthermore, the cytotoxicity of these inhibitors was evaluated using the MTS method. In addition, 60 min-long microsomal stability assays were performed using an UPLC-MS/MS procedure to elucidate depletion rates of the inhibitors. CYP1A2 was influenced significantly by MI-463 and MI-1900 in rat microsomes, by MI-432 and MI-482 in beagle microsomes, and by MI-432, MI-463, MI-482, and MI-1900 in cynomolgus monkey microsomes. The IC50 values in monkey microsomes were 1.30 ± 0.14 µM, 2.4 ± 1.4 µM, 0.21 ± 0.09 µM, and 1.1 ± 0.8 µM for inhibitors MI-432, MI-463, MI-482, and MI-1900, respectively. The depletion rates of the parent compounds were lower than 50%, independently of the investigated animal species. The host cell factor TMPRSS2 is of key importance for the cross-species spread of SARS-CoV-2. Studies of the in vitro biotransformation of TMPRSS2 inhibitors provide additional information for the development of new antiviral drugs.

Keywords: 3-amidinophenylalanine; CYP1A2; SARS-CoV-2; beagle; cynomolgus monkey microsome; hepatocytes.