Femoral or Radial Approach in Treatment of Coronary Chronic Total Occlusion: A Randomized Clinical Trial

JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2022 Apr 25;15(8):823-830. doi: 10.1016/j.jcin.2022.02.012.


Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare transradial access (TRA) with transfemoral access (TFA) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Background: TRA reduces the risk for vascular access complications but may make complex PCI, such as CTO PCI, more challenging.

Methods: FORT CTO (Femoral or Radial Approach in the Treatment of Coronary Chronic Total Occlusion) (NCT03265769) was a prospective, noninferiority, randomized controlled study of TRA vs TFA for CTO PCI. The primary study endpoint was procedural success, defined as technical success without any in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events. The secondary study endpoint was major access-site complications.

Results: Between 2017 and 2021, 610 of 800 patients referred for CTO PCI at 4 centers were randomized to TRA (n = 305) or TFA (n = 305). Mean J-CTO (Multicenter CTO Registry in Japan) (2.1 ± 0.1 vs 2.2 ± 0.1; P = 0.279), PROGRESS CTO (Prospective Global Registry for the Study of Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention) (1.3 ± 0.9 vs 1.1 ± 1.0; P = 0.058) and PROGRESS CTO complication (2.4 ± 1.8 vs 2.3 ± 1.8; P = 0.561) scores and use of the retrograde approach (11% vs 14%; P = 0.342) were similar in the TRA and TFA groups. TRA was noninferior to TFA for procedural success (84% vs 86%; P = 0.563) but had fewer access-site complications (2.0% vs 5.6%; P = 0.019). There was no difference between TFA and TRA in procedural duration, contrast volume, or radiation dose.

Conclusions: TRA was noninferior to TFA for CTO PCI but had fewer access-site complications.

Keywords: coronary chronic total occlusion; percutaneous coronary intervention; transfemoral access; transradial access.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Coronary Occlusion* / diagnostic imaging
  • Coronary Occlusion* / etiology
  • Coronary Occlusion* / therapy
  • Femoral Artery / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention* / adverse effects
  • Prospective Studies
  • Radial Artery / diagnostic imaging
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT03265769