Neuroimaging Findings in a Patient with Anti-IgLON5 Disease: Cerebrospinal Fluid Dynamics Abnormalities

Diagnostics (Basel). 2022 Mar 30;12(4):849. doi: 10.3390/diagnostics12040849.


Anti-IgLON5 disease is a recently described autoimmune neurodegenerative disorder characterized by insidious onset, slow progression and a variety of neurological features. Neuroimaging in most patients with anti-IgLON5 disease is normal or shows nonspecific findings. Here, we report a case of anti-IgLON5 disease presenting with parkinsonism, falls, sleep problems with severe nocturnal dyspnea attacks, dysphagia, and dysautonomia. Imaging findings were initially suggestive of progressive supranuclear palsy. An altered cerebrospinal fluid dynamic was found on an MRI as well as high-convexity hyperperfusion on a brain SPECT. Further case descriptions with neuroimaging are required to characterize cerebral and cerebrospinal fluid dynamics abnormalities in this rare condition.

Keywords: MRI; PSP; anti-IgLON5 disease; cerebrospinal fluid dynamics; neuroimaging; nuclear medicine.