Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are a promising cell source for elucidating disease pathology and therapy. The mass supply of hiPSC-derived cells is technically feasible. Carriers that can contain a large number of hiPSC-derived cells and evaluate their functions in vivo-like environments will become increasingly important for understanding disease pathogenesis or treating end-stage organ failure. hiPSC-derived hepatocyte-like cells (hiPSC-HLCs; 5 × 108) were seeded into decellularized organ-derived scaffolds under circumfusion culture. The scaffolds were implanted into immunodeficient microminiature pigs to examine their applicability in vivo. The seeded hiPSC-HLCs demonstrated increased albumin secretion and up-regulated cytochrome P450 activities compared with those in standard two-dimensional culture conditions. Moreover, they showed long-term survival accompanied by neovascularization in vivo. The decellularized organ-derived scaffold is a promising carrier for hiPSC-derived cells for ex vivo and in vivo use and is an essential platform for regenerative medicine and research.
Keywords: decellularization; extracellular matrix; human iPSCs; microminiature pig; organ-derived scaffold; xeno-implantation; xeno-transplantation.