Downregulation of SATB1 by miRNAs reduces megakaryocyte/erythroid progenitor expansion in preclinical models of Diamond-Blackfan anemia

Exp Hematol. 2022 Jul;111:66-78. doi: 10.1016/j.exphem.2022.04.005. Epub 2022 Apr 20.


Diamond-Blackfan Anemia (DBA) is an inherited bone marrow failure syndrome that is associated with anemia, congenital anomalies, and cancer predisposition. It is categorized as a ribosomopathy, because more than 80% or patients have haploinsufficiency of either a small or large subunit-associated ribosomal protein (RP). The erythroid pathology is due predominantly to a block and delay in early committed erythropoiesis with reduced megakaryocyte/erythroid progenitors (MEPs). To understand the molecular pathways leading to pathogenesis of DBA, we performed RNA sequencing on mRNA and miRNA from RPS19-deficient human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) and compared existing database documenting transcript fluctuations across stages of early normal erythropoiesis. We determined the chromatin regulator, SATB1 was prematurely downregulated through the coordinated action of upregulated miR-34 and miR-30 during differentiation in ribosomal insufficiency. Restoration of SATB1 rescued MEP expansion, leading to a modest improvement in erythroid and megakaryocyte expansion in RPS19 insufficiency. However, SATB1 expression did not affect expansion of committed erythroid progenitors, indicating ribosomal insufficiency affects multiple stages during erythroid differentiation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anemia, Diamond-Blackfan* / pathology
  • Down-Regulation
  • Erythropoiesis* / genetics
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells
  • Humans
  • Matrix Attachment Region Binding Proteins* / genetics
  • Matrix Attachment Region Binding Proteins* / metabolism
  • Megakaryocytes / cytology
  • MicroRNAs* / genetics
  • Ribosomal Proteins


  • Matrix Attachment Region Binding Proteins
  • MicroRNAs
  • Ribosomal Proteins
  • SATB1 protein, human