Background: The Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire (ÖMPSQ) is one of the most recognized and widely used instruments for identifying the risk of pain chronicity.
Objective: The aim of the study was to provide the reliability and validity of the Turkish ÖMPSQ-Short Form (ÖMPSQ-SF).
Methods: Fifty-seven acute and subacute low back pain patients were included in the study. ÖMPSQ short form and long form, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI), fear-avoidance beliefs questionnaires were applied simultaneously for validation. The ÖMPSQ-SF was re-applied after 7-10 days to determine test-retest reliability. The data were analyzed by the paired-samples t test, correlation analysis, Cronbach's alpha, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and confirmatory factor analysis.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 39.05±15.68 years. Cronbach's alpha was 0.723, and the ICC was 0.84. There were moderate to strong correlation among the ÖMPSQ-SF and the ODI, CSI, ÖMPSQ-long form, Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire work subscale (r = 0.72, r = 0.353, r = 0.648, r = 0.457 respectively).
Conclusion: The results show that the Turkish version of the ÖMPSQ-SF is a valid and reliable questionnaire and could be used in clinical and scientific studies.
Keywords: Pain; chronicity; musculoskeletal disorders; psychosocial factors; yellow flags.