Writing and Erasing O-GlcNAc on Casein Kinase 2 Alpha Alters the Phosphoproteome

ACS Chem Biol. 2022 May 20;17(5):1111-1121. doi: 10.1021/acschembio.1c00987. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Abstract

O-GlcNAc is an essential carbohydrate modification that intersects with phosphorylation signaling pathways via crosstalk on protein substrates or by direct modification of the kinases that write the phosphate modification. Casein kinase 2 alpha (CK2α), the catalytic subunit of the ubiquitously expressed and constitutively active kinase CK2, is modified by O-GlcNAc, but the effect of this modification on the phosphoproteome in cells is unknown. Here, we apply complementary targeted O-GlcNAc editors, nanobody-OGT and -splitOGA, to selectively write and erase O-GlcNAc from a tagged CK2α to measure the effects on the phosphoproteome in cells. These tools effectively and selectively edit the Ser347 glycosite on CK2α. Using quantitative phosphoproteomics, we report 51 phosphoproteins whose enrichment changes as a function of editing O-GlcNAc on CK2α, including HDAC1, HDAC2, ENSA, SMARCAD1, and PABPN1. Specific phosphosites on HDAC1 Ser393 and HDAC2 Ser394, both reported CK2 substrates, are significantly enhanced by O-GlcNAcylation of CK2α. These data will propel future studies on the crosstalk between O-GlcNAc and phosphorylation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetylglucosamine* / metabolism
  • Casein Kinase II* / metabolism
  • N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Proteome / metabolism
  • Writing

Substances

  • Proteome
  • N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases
  • Casein Kinase II
  • Acetylglucosamine