Coordinated conformational changes in the V1 complex during V-ATPase reversible dissociation

Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2022 May;29(5):430-439. doi: 10.1038/s41594-022-00757-z. Epub 2022 Apr 25.


Vacuolar-type ATPases (V-ATPases) are rotary enzymes that acidify intracellular compartments in eukaryotic cells. These multi-subunit complexes consist of a cytoplasmic V1 region that hydrolyzes ATP and a membrane-embedded VO region that transports protons. V-ATPase activity is regulated by reversible dissociation of the two regions, with the isolated V1 and VO complexes becoming autoinhibited on disassembly and subunit C subsequently detaching from V1. In yeast, assembly of the V1 and VO regions is mediated by the regulator of the ATPase of vacuoles and endosomes (RAVE) complex through an unknown mechanism. We used cryogenic-electron microscopy of yeast V-ATPase to determine structures of the intact enzyme, the dissociated but complete V1 complex and the V1 complex lacking subunit C. On separation, V1 undergoes a dramatic conformational rearrangement, with its rotational state becoming incompatible for reassembly with VO. Loss of subunit C allows V1 to match the rotational state of VO, suggesting how RAVE could reassemble V1 and VO by recruiting subunit C.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Endosomes / metabolism
  • Protein Subunits / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins* / chemistry
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins* / metabolism
  • Vacuolar Proton-Translocating ATPases* / chemistry
  • Vacuoles / metabolism


  • Protein Subunits
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Vacuolar Proton-Translocating ATPases