Evaluation of Atopic Dermatitis Improvement Caused by Low-Level, Low-Frequency Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields

Bioelectromagnetics. 2022 May;43(4):268-277. doi: 10.1002/bem.22405. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of using low-level, low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic field (LLLF_PEMF) stimulation to improve atopic dermatitis induced by 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB). Twenty 6-week-old hairless mice were randomly divided into Normal (n = 5), PEMF 15 Hz (n = 5), PEMF 75 Hz (n = 5), and Sham (n = 5) groups. Following the onset of atopic dermatitis symptoms, PEMF groups (15 and 75 Hz) were stimulated with LLLF_PEMF (15 mT) for 8 h per day for 1 week. Sensory evaluation analysis revealed a significant difference between the PEMF 15 Hz group and Sham group (P < 0.05), but these differences were not visually obvious. While both the PEMF and Sham groups had atopic dermatitis lesions, lesion size was significantly smaller in the two PEMF groups than in the Sham group (P < 0.001). Additionally, changes in epithelial thickness because of skin inflammation significantly decreased for both PEMF groups, compared with the Sham group (P < 0.001). In conclusion, these results suggest that PEMF stimulation in vivo triggers electro-chemical reactions that affect immune response. © 2022 Bioelectromagnetics Society.

Keywords: atopic dermatitis; dinitrochlorobenzene; hairless mouse; inflammation; pulsed electromagnetic field.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dermatitis, Atopic* / therapy
  • Electromagnetic Fields* / adverse effects
  • Mice