Efficient nickel or copper oxides decorated graphene-polyaniline interface for application in selective methanol sensing

RSC Adv. 2021 Aug 25;11(46):28573-28580. doi: 10.1039/d1ra04164a. eCollection 2021 Aug 23.

Abstract

Graphene sheets decorated with nickel or copper oxides that were anchored on polyaniline (denoted as PANI-graphene/NiO and PANI-graphene/CuO) were prepared by a simple, easy to-control electrochemical method and applied as novel materials for sensitive and selective methanol sensing. The fabricated sensors exhibited good electrocatalytic activity, appropriate dynamic linear range (20-1300 mM), sensitivity (0.2-1.5 μA mM-1 cm-2) and excellent selectivity towards methanol. It should be highlighted from the selectivity tests that no significant interference was observed from ethanol and other alcohols. To our best knowledge, using inexpensive but efficient transition metals like Ni, Cu instead of Pt, Pd and their composites with PANI, graphene would be scientifically novel and practically feasible approach for sensor fabrication that could be potentially used to identify methanol adulteration in counterfeit alcoholic beverages.