Sarcomatoid urothelial carcinoma (SUC) is a rare subtype of urothelial carcinoma (UC) that typically presents at an advanced stage compared to more common variants of UC. Locally advanced and metastatic UC have a poor long-term survival following progression on first-line platinum-based chemotherapy. Antibodies directed against the programmed cell death 1 protein (PD-1) or its ligand (PD-L1) are now approved to be used in these scenarios. The need for reliable biomarkers for treatment stratification is still under research. Here, we present a novel case report of the first Imaging Mass Cytometry (IMC) analysis done in SUC to investigate the immune cell repertoire and PD-L1 expression in a patient who presented with metastatic SUC and experienced a prolonged response to the anti-PD1 immune checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab after progression on first-line chemotherapy. This case report provides an important platform for translating these findings to a larger cohort of UC and UC variants.
Keywords: neoplasm of the genitourinary tract.
© 2022 Alnajar et al.; Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.