Laryngotracheal trauma

Ann Thorac Surg. 1987 Mar;43(3):254-62. doi: 10.1016/s0003-4975(10)60608-x.

Abstract

Laryngotracheal trauma can be an immediately life-threatening injury. Failure to recognize such injuries and promptly secure an airway may have fatal consequences. Failure to recognize acute injuries or to observe the principles of management can lead to laryngotracheal stenosis. We have seen 10 patients with acute injuries. Blunt trauma was responsible in 5, penetrating trauma in 4, and iatrogenic injury in 1. Esophageal transection was present in 1 patient. Thoracotomy was required in 2 patients with injury of the carina, and cervical exposure was adequate in 8. All patients underwent successful repair of the injuries. Seventeen patients have been treated for delayed traumatic laryngotracheal stenosis. Vocal cord paralysis was apparent in 14. Concomitant esophageal injury was repaired in 4 patients. Eight patients required intralaryngeal procedures prior to repair of the laryngotracheal stenosis. All patients except 1 have a good airway, and 16 of the 17 have a good voice.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Airway Obstruction / diagnosis
  • Airway Obstruction / etiology
  • Airway Obstruction / surgery
  • Emergencies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Larynx / injuries*
  • Larynx / surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Suture Techniques
  • Time Factors
  • Trachea / injuries*
  • Trachea / surgery
  • Tracheotomy
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / complications
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / diagnosis*
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / surgery
  • Wounds, Penetrating / complications
  • Wounds, Penetrating / diagnosis*
  • Wounds, Penetrating / surgery