Background: Indocyanine green (ICG) guided lymphadenectomy has been proposed has a technique to improve the lymphadenectomy of patients with gastric cancer. Nevertheless, experience with this procedure is scarce in Western countries.
Methods: A retrospective analytic study in a tertiary hospital in Spain was performed, comparing patients who underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy with (ICG cohort) and without (historic cohort) ICG guided lymphadenectomy.
Results: Thirty four patients were included (17 in each group). Although the number of positive nodes was similar in both groups (0.0 in the ICG cohort vs. 2 in the historic cohort, p = 0.119), the number of lymph nodes removed was higher in the ICG cohort (42.0 vs 28.0, p = 0.040). In the ICG cohort, more lymph nodes were positive for adenocarcinoma in the group of nodes that were positive for IGC (10.6% of the IGC + nodes vs. 1.9% in the ICG - nodes, p < 0.001).
Conclusions: ICG lymphadenectomy is a promising procedure that could improve the lymphadenectomy of patients with gastric cancer. ICG lymphadenectomy could be used to increase the number of lymph nodes removed in patients with a high-risk of nodal invasion or it could be used to reduce the surgical aggressiveness in fragile patients with a low-risk of nodal invasion.
Keywords: Gastrectomy; Gastric cancer; Indocyanine green; Indocyanine green lymphadenectomy; Lymphadenectomy.
© 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.