Strategy for anthocyanins production: From efficient green extraction to novel microbial biosynthesis

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2022 Apr 29;1-16. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2022.2067117. Online ahead of print.


Anthocyanins are widely distributed in nature and exhibit brilliant colors and multiple health-promoting effects; therefore, they are extensively incorporated into foods, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetic industries. Anthocyanins have been traditionally produced by plant extraction, which is characterized by high expenditure, low production rates, and rather complex processes, and hence cannot meet the increasing market demand. In addition, the emerging environmental issues resulting from traditional solvent extraction technologies necessitate a more efficient and eco-friendly alternative strategy for producing anthocyanins. This review summarizes the efficient approach for green extraction and introduces a novel strategy for microbial biosynthesis of anthocyanins, emphasizing the technological changes in production.

Keywords: Anthocyanins; green extraction; microbial biosynthesis; production.