Design of vanadium-dioxide-based resonant structures for tunable optical response

Opt Lett. 2022 May 1;47(9):2286-2289. doi: 10.1364/OL.455457.


Phase change materials are suitable for tunable photonic devices where the optical response can be altered under external stimuli, such as heat, an electrical or an optical signal. In this scenario, we performed numerical simulations to study the optical properties of a flat unpatterned resonant structure and a grating, both coated with a thin film of vanadium dioxide (VO2). Our results suggest that it is possible to modulate broadband and narrowband reflectance spectra of the resonant structures in the visible to near-infrared range by more than 40 % when the VO2 undergoes an insulator-to-metal phase transition. Resonant devices with a tunable spectral response may find application in sensors, filters, absorbers, and detectors.