Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are a feared complication after transplant. They are mostly of B cell origin and are frequently Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive, particularly in early onset PTLD. Later on, non-B and EBV-negative PTLD are increasingly reported. EBV seronegative receptors (particularly when paired with an EBV seropositive donor) together with the net degree of immunosuppression-a concept often difficult to quantify-are the most consistently described risk factors for the development of PTLD. Conversely, its association with a particular immunosuppressive agent or other virus, namely cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection or disease, has been inconsistently reported. We present a challenging case where an EBV negative monomorphic peripheric T-cell lymphoma was diagnosed in the first year after kidney transplant in a patient with a recent history of CMV disease from a resistant strain.
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