Melatonin affects red deer spermatozoa motility and physiology in capacitating and non-capacitating conditions

Reprod Domest Anim. 2022 Oct;57 Suppl 5(Suppl 5):82-85. doi: 10.1111/rda.14137. Epub 2022 May 4.


Melatonin affects sperm physiology, possibly through membrane receptors. Effects were tested at low concentrations (1 pM, 100 pM, 10 nM and 1 µM) in red deer epididymal spermatozoa as a model for high-seasonality species. Samples were incubated with melatonin as uncapacitated or capacitating conditions (heparin) and evaluated for motility and physiology (flow cytometry). Most effects occurred at low concentrations (nM-pM), mainly protecting from apoptosis and maintaining acrosomal integrity, suggesting a role for membrane receptors rather than a direct antioxidant effect. Intracellular calcium was not affected, differing from other studies and perhaps because of the epididymal origin. This study supports the relevance of melatonin on sperm physiology and could contribute to the application of reproductive technologies in wild ruminants.

Keywords: melatonin; red deer; sperm capacitation; sperm physiology; spermatozoon.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Deer* / physiology
  • Heparin
  • Male
  • Melatonin* / pharmacology
  • Semen
  • Sperm Capacitation
  • Sperm Motility / physiology
  • Spermatozoa / physiology


  • Antioxidants
  • Heparin
  • Melatonin

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