Background: All chronic kidney diseases in diabetic patients are not diabetic kidney diseases. The objective was to compare the clinical characteristics, survival and access to transplantation in diabetic patients starting dialysis and classified either as diabetic kidney disease (DKD) or non-diabetic kidney disease in diabetic patients (NDKD).
Methods: We used the nationwide French REIN registry to analyse baseline clinical characteristics at dialysis inception and outcomes defined as kidney transplantation, deaths and their causes. The probability of death or transplantation was analysed using a multivariate Cox model and the Fine and Gray competing for risk model (sdHT).
Results: We included 65,136 patients from January 2009 to December 2015 with a median follow-up of 31 months. The cumulative incidence of kidney transplantation over eight years was 46.9% (44.8-48.9) in non-diabetic patients (ND), higher than the 19.3% (17.5-21.2) in the DKD group and 22.2% (18.4-26.7) in the NDKD group. The risk of death was significantly higher in the NDKD group than in the DKD group, even after accounting for the competing risk of transplantation (NDKD/sdHR 1.22; 95%CI 1.18-1.27; p < 0.005 vs. DKD/sdHR 1.12; 95%CI 1.08-1.16; p < 0.005 with adjustment for age, sex, major adverse cardiovascular events, cancer and chronic respiratory failure, compared to ND).
Conclusions: In diabetic patients starting dialysis, patients in the DKD group had reduced access to kidney transplantation. NDKD patients had a higher risk of mortality than DKD. The distinction between DKD and NDKD should be accounted for in the plan of care of diabetic patients starting dialysis.
Keywords: chronic kidney disease; diabetic kidney disease; mortality; transplantation; type 2 diabetes.
© 2022 The Authors. Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.