Heritable disorders of hair

Dermatol Clin. 1987 Jan;5(1):137-53.


Changes in the quality and quantity of hair occur in a large number of hereditary syndromes. Because of their rarity and our lack of knowledge about their pathophysiology, no entirely satisfactory classification of these hair disorders exists. This review arbitrarily groups the heritable disorders of the hair into five classes: primary hair shaft disorders, alopecia without associated defects, ectodermal dysplasias, changes in hair color, and ectopic hair.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alopecia / congenital
  • Alopecia / genetics
  • Bone and Bones / abnormalities
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cleft Lip / genetics
  • Cleft Palate / genetics
  • Ectodermal Dysplasia / genetics
  • Hair Color / genetics
  • Hair Diseases / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Hypotrichosis / genetics
  • Keratosis / genetics
  • Male
  • Menkes Kinky Hair Syndrome / genetics
  • Spinocerebellar Degenerations / genetics