Adjuvant and Neoadjuvant Therapies in Cutaneous Melanoma

Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2022 May;34(2):315-324. doi: 10.1016/j.coms.2021.11.010.


Melanoma is the most common cause of skin cancer-related death in the United States. Cutaneous melanoma is most prevalent in the head and neck. The long-term prognosis has been poor and chemotherapy is not curative. Complete surgical resection with locally advanced disease can be challenging and melanoma is resistant to radiation. Advances made in immunotherapy and genomically targeted therapy have transformed the treatment of metastatic melanoma; as of 2021, the 5-year survival for metastatic melanoma is greater than 50%. Ongoing clinical studies are underway to integrate these life-saving therapies into the presurgical or postsurgical settings. This article reviews that effort.

Keywords: Adaptive therapy; Head and neck; Immunotherapy; Malignancy; Melanoma; Metastasis; Systemic therapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Immunotherapy
  • Melanoma* / pathology
  • Melanoma* / therapy
  • Neoadjuvant Therapy
  • Skin Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Skin Neoplasms* / therapy
  • United States

Supplementary concepts

  • Melanoma, Cutaneous Malignant