A case of ventricular noncompaction associated with heterotaxy and atrioventricular block diagnosed at 15 weeks of gestation using superb microvascular imaging

J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2022 Jul;48(7):1983-1988. doi: 10.1111/jog.15276. Epub 2022 May 1.


We present a case of fetal atrioventricular block, heterotaxy, and ventricular noncompaction observed longitudinally from the first to early second trimesters using B-mode and Doppler imaging, including superb microvascular imaging. At 12 weeks of gestation, the atrial and ventricular rates were 133 and 67 beats/min, respectively, and dextrocardia was noted. At 15 weeks of gestation, detailed sonography revealed ventricular septal defect, interruption of the inferior vena cava, dilated azygos vein, and double-outlet right ventricle. In addition, superb microvascular imaging revealed irregular contours in the anatomical left ventricular wall, indicating prominent trabeculations of the ventricle, which were characteristic findings of ventricular noncompaction. At 21 weeks of gestation, intrauterine fetal death occurred, and the autopsy revealed complex congenital heart disease, including ventricular noncompaction.

Keywords: Doppler ultrasonography; atrioventricular block; fetus; heterotaxy syndrome; prenatal diagnosis; ventricular noncompaction.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Atrioventricular Block*
  • Female
  • Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular*
  • Heart Ventricles / diagnostic imaging
  • Heterotaxy Syndrome* / complications
  • Heterotaxy Syndrome* / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal / methods