Why "sex as a biological variable" conflicts with precision medicine initiatives

Cell Rep Med. 2022 Apr 19;3(4):100550. doi: 10.1016/j.xcrm.2022.100550.


Policies that require male-female sex comparisons in all areas of biomedical research conflict with the goal of improving health outcomes through context-sensitive individualization of medical care. Sex, like race, requires a rigorous, contextual approach in precision medicine. A "sex contextualist" approach to gender-inclusive medicine better aligns with this aim.

Publication types

  • News

MeSH terms

  • Biomedical Research*
  • Female
  • Gender Identity
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Policy
  • Precision Medicine*